A radiological dispersal device (RDD) or dirty bomb is a mix of explosives, such as dynamite, with radioactive powder or pellets. When the dynamite or other explosives are set off, the blast carries radioactive material into the surrounding area. The activities that take place in the first 12 hours are critical.
CRCPD Publication 06-6-CD
Published September 2006
CRCPD has created this Handbook for Responding to a Radiological Dispersal Device First Responder's Guide—The First 12 Hours as a training and reference tool for first responders with various degrees of radiological experience, providing guidance in a number of areas. This includes a flow chart of actions when responding to an RDD, Rules of Thumb guidance, determination of various radiation zones, use of radiation instrumentation, and decontamination guidelines.
There are also multiple forms that can be tailored for specific needs. The RDD Handbook also includes lists of state, local and federal radiation control contacts that can provide assistance.
This handbook will be useful for training, exercise and response activities. Many of the concepts introduced in the handbook can be applied to a variety of radiation incidents, and do not apply exclusively to dirty bombs.
It is intended for use by first responders (Fire, EMS, Police, HAZMAT), although the first receivers (EMS/EMT, medical staff at hospitals or other clinical settings) may also elect to use it as a guide when preparing to respond to an RDD event. To the greatest extent possible, the information has been kept simple and concise, and references for additional information have been provided.